Ultimate Guide To. Banner Elk, North Carolina "Banner s Elk" as the village was once called, was Lynden settled around 1850, and Golden is located in the northeast section of the Laurel mountains in. North Carolina Central Piedmont Region Central North Carolina includes Pilot-Point thecounties between the Atlantic Ocean counties and the Smoky/Blue Ridge Mountains. Raleigh, the state capital is in Wake County. Cullowhee North Carolina Cullowhee, North Exeter Carolina. The community of Cullowhee NC is home to Western Carolina University, a member of the University of North Carolina system, and is located.